My Blog
By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
March 05, 2020
Category: Cardiology
Tags: Pacemaker  

A pacemaker may save your life if you have an abnormal heart rhythm. Your Tomball, TX, cardiologist, Dr. Daljit Muttiani of Cardiovascular Institute, diagnoses and treats heart diseases and conditions that affect heart rhythm and electrical activity.

Who can benefit from a pacemaker?

Heart rate and rhythm are controlled by your heart's electrical system. Heart disease, heart medications, inherited conditions, and aging can all affect the organ's ability to control and maintain a normal rhythm.

Problems can occur if your heartbeats are irregular or slower/faster than normal. Symptoms of these problems, known as arrhythmias, can include shortness of breath, fainting, and fatigue. If the problem is severe, collapse or sudden death can occur.

A pacemaker corrects abnormal heart rhythms by speeding up or slowing down your heart rate and improving the coordination of electrical signals between the various parts of your heart. The devices can even record your breathing rate and the temperature of your blood and transmit this information to your cardiologist.

How does a pacemaker work?

Pacemakers send electrical impulses to your heart to keep it beating normally. The device is implanted in your chest during a minor surgical procedure. The first step of the procedure involves making a small incision in your shoulder. Your cardiologist then uses a special needle to thread the pacemaker wires to your heart.

She also creates a small opening in the skin of your chest or abdomen and places the battery-powered pacemaker inside. Pacemakers aren't very big, just around the size of a matchbox. Once the pacemaker is in position, it's connected to the wires that were threaded into your heart.

After testing the pacemaker, your Tomball heart doctor closes the incision. Since the pacemaker is just under your skin, it will create a slight bump, but won't affect your ability to wear normal clothing. Pacemakers often last five-to-seven years before they need to be replaced during another minor procedure.

Concerned about your cardiovascular health? Give us a call

A pacemaker can help you protect your heart health. If you're concerned about a potential heart issue, contact Dr. Muttiani of Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX, today at (281) 357-5700 to schedule an appointment.

By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
February 24, 2020
Tags: EKG  

Find out what this simple test could tell you about the health of your heart.

With heart disease being the number one killer of men and women in the US (and around the world), it is incredibly important that everyone is doing their part to stay healthy. For those who are at an increased risk for heart disease, our Tomball, TX, cardiologist, Dr. Daljit Muttiana, may recommend undergoing an echocardiogram (EKG), a heart test that may be administered as part of a stress test to measure the activity of your heart.

What is an EKG?

An EKG measures the electrical activity of the heart by attaching electrodes to the skin. These sensors then pick up electrical activity within the heart such as how quickly your heart is beating and the electrical energy that is being conducted within the chambers of the heart.

Why do I need an EKG?

An EKG can be helpful for determining many things, one of which is your risk for heart disease. This simple, noninvasive test can check for abnormalities in the heart’s electrical activity or the rhythm itself. It even has the ability to detect more serious problems such as a potentially life-threatening arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) or a heart attack. An EKG can also detect:

  • Abnormalities in the structure or shape of the heart
  • Heart rhythm problems
  • Abnormalities in heart rate (rates below 60 or above 100)

Even if you aren’t dealing with any risk factors for heart disease, a cardiologist may still recommend getting an EKG if you are dealing with any of these symptoms:

  • Heart palpitations
  • Fainting
  • Chest pain or tightness
  • Racing heart
  • Low heart rate
  • Trouble catching your breath

How often should I get an EKG?

This will depend on several factors. For example, if you have a congenital heart problem your heart doctor may recommend coming into his Tomball, TX, office every year for a routine checkup, which will include an EKG. After all, this is one of the best tools that our cardiology team has for checking the health of the heart and pinpointing any changes or problems.

Those patients at an increased risk for heart disease due to heredity or lifestyle factors may also need to come in once a year for an EKG. Our cardiologist can work with you to alter and improve certain risk factors such as your lifestyle that could greatly improve your health and reduce your risk of health disease.

Contact us

Noticing changes in your heart’s rhythm or pattern? Suddenly feeling winded more easily during physical activity? Don’t ignore these symptoms, even if you otherwise feel great. Our cardiologist and his caring team here at Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX, can provide you with the answers you’re looking for. Call (281) 357-5700 today.

By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
December 20, 2019
Category: Cardiology
Tags: Electrocardiogram  

An electrocardiogram (EKG) is a quick test that your cardiologist uses to assess your heart function. Your Tomball, TX, cardiologist, Dr. Daljit Muttiana of Cardiovascular Institute, uses EKGs and other diagnostic tests to determine if you have a problem with your heart.

When are EKGs recommended?

Your Tomball heart doctor may order an EKG if:

  • You have chest pain, fatigue, dizziness, shortness of breath, palpitations, or an irregular heartbeat.
  • Your legs, ankles, feet or abdomen are swollen.
  • You have an increased risk of developing heart disease, due to smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, or a family history of the disease.
  • He wants to see how well you're responding to a particular heart treatment.
  • You have high blood pressure, diabetes, or another chronic condition and want to try a new form of exercise.

What information does an EKG provide?

An EKG provides information on heart rate, rhythm, and electrical activity in the heart. It can also be used to determine if you've had a heart attack, your heart is enlarged or if your heart is receiving sufficient oxygen.

How are EKGs performed?

Before your EKG begins, a technician will attach adhesive electrodes to your chest, arms, and legs. The electrodes are connected to wires that transmit heart readings to a monitor.

During the test, you'll lie down and remain perfectly still. Fortunately, the test only takes a few minutes and is completely painless. In fact, removing the sticky electrodes at the end of the EKG may be the only slightly uncomfortable part of the test.

In some cases, EKGs may be used to monitor how your heart responds to physical activity. In this case, you won't need to remain still but will run on a treadmill or ride an exercise bike.

When will my cardiologist give me the results of my EKG?

Your cardiologist may discuss your results with you as soon as the test is finished. If any abnormalities are detected, he may recommend a few more tests. Additional testing may still be needed if you have symptoms but your EKG is normal, as the test only detects certain kinds of abnormalities.

Are you worried that you may have a heart condition? Call your Tomball, TX, cardiologist, Dr. Daljit Muttiana of Cardiovascular Institute, at (281) 357-5700 to schedule an appointment.

By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
December 04, 2019
Tags: Stress Tests  

Are you unable to undergo a traditional stress test because you can't tolerate exercising on a treadmill or stationary bike? Pharmacologic cheststress tests, offered by your Tomball, TX, cardiologist, Dr. Daljit Muttiana of Cardiovascular Institute, P.A., offer another way to gather information about your heart function.

What is a pharmacologic stress test?

Stress tests evaluate how your heart reacts to physical stress. The test measures your heart rate, blood pressure, and your heart's electrical activity. A stress test is usually conducted while you run on a treadmill or ride an exercise bike, but exercise isn't the only way to stress the heart.

A pharmacologic stress test uses medication instead of exercise to increase your heart rate and make your heart work harder. The test may be recommended if:

  • You have severe asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or another breathing issue.
  • You can't exercise due to an injury, blood clots, arthritis, or another condition that makes it hard to stand, run or put pressure on your feet or legs.
  • You have low blood pressure or uncontrolled high blood pressure.
  • Your test results may not be accurate due to an arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat).
  • You have a stent or had bypass surgery.


What conditions can be diagnosed with the test?

Your Tomball cardiologist may use the pharmacologic stress test to:

  • Determine how well heart medications or treatments are working
  • Find out if a heart problem is the reason you have chest pains, shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue, or weakness
  • Make sure that your heart is healthy if you'll be having surgery for a non-heart issue
  • Evaluate your heart condition


What happens during a pharmacologic stress test?

An intravenous (IV) line will be inserted into your arm and electrodes will be placed on your chest, arms and legs before your test begins. The electrodes will transmit information about your heart's electrical activity to a monitor during the test. You'll be given a medication through your IV that raises your heart rate and makes your heart pump harder.

As the drug affects your heart, your cardiologist will not only evaluate your electrical activity, but also closely monitor your blood pressure and heart rate. In some cases, stress tests may be performed in conjunction with imaging tests that offer additional information about your heart.

Pharmacologic stress tests can help your heart doctor determine if you have a problem with your heart. Contact your Tomball, TX, cardiologist, Dr. Daljit Muttiana of Cardiovascular Institute, at (281) 357-5700 to schedule your appointment.

By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
September 26, 2019

High blood pressure is dangerous and it goes undetected for many others. Your Tomball, TX, doctor, can tell you more about hypertension,heart high blood pressure.


What is high blood pressure?

This is a condition that leads to serious health issues: coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure, among other problems. High blood pressure symptoms can go unnoticed for years, which is why you need to visit your doctor for regular medical check-ups.


What symptoms should you be worried about?

High blood pressure reaches lifeĀ­-threatening levels when you start noticing: headaches, tiredness, confusion, dizziness or lightheadedness, pounding in the head or chest, or sharp chest pains.


What is the cause of hypertension?

Your Tomball, TX, doctor says the following may lead to high blood pressure:

  • Being overweight
  • Inherited
  • Smoking
  • Diet high in saturated fat and/or sodium
  • Age
  • Excessive drinking
  • Diabetes
  • Physical inactivity
  • Being male
  • High-stress levels


How do you deal with high blood pressure?

  • Regular physical exercise: You should exercise at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity every week and/or 75 minutes a week of high-intensity exercise. Try working out five days a week, anything from walking, jogging, cycling, and/or swimming.
  • Stress reduction: Manage your stress by taking baths, doing yoga, and choose better coping mechanisms to destress.
  • Make better dietary choices: Stop smoking, avoid consuming alcohol, recreational drugs, tobacco, and junk food to cope with stress. Reduce salt intake and eat healthier foods: whole grain, high fiber foods, a variety of fruit and vegetables, beans, and nuts, fish rich in omega-3 twice a week, nontropical vegetable oils, for example, olive oil, skinless poultry and fish, and low-fat dairy products.
  • Medicine: Use antihypertensive medications to manage blood pressure. Medicine includes: diuretics, including thiazides, indapamide, beta-blockers, alpha-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, vasodilators, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and angiotensin receptor blockers.

If you have any questions or concerns about hypertension and managing high blood pressure, then be sure to contact your Tomball, TX, cardiologist today!

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