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Posts for category: Cardiovascular Health

By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
October 20, 2020
Tags: Stress   Heart  

Stress can have a negative impact on your overall health and the heart in particular. Even minor stress can increase the risk of experiencing heart-related problems, including high blood pressure. Dr. Daljit Muttiana, the experienced doctor at Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX, can assess your heart health and help you manage stress to reduce your risk of developing stress-related heart problems.

Stress and Heart Health

Stress can take a toll on our physical health in many ways. For example, some individuals might experience physical aches and pains in response to stress, while others struggle with decreased energy and have difficulty sleeping.

Stress can potentially also affect heart health. The body produces the hormone cortisol in response to stress. One of the purposes of cortisol is to instinctually prepare the body to fight or take flight in stressful situations. Cortisol also serves other functions, including regulating blood pressure; increasing blood sugar; managing the body’s use of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats; reducing inflammation; boosting energy in response to stress, and controlling sleeping and waking cycles.

Cortisol serves many beneficial purposes under normal conditions. However, when cortisol levels remain high for a prolonged period due to chronic stress, both blood pressure and blood sugar, as well as cholesterol and triglyceride levels, can all increase. When any of these things increase, so does the risk of developing heart disease. Reducing stress can help protect heart health by reducing the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other heart-related concerns.

Ways to Reduce Stress

If stress is having an adverse impact on your health, there are steps you can take to better manage or reduce stress. Our cardiology team can recommend specific methods and techniques to help you minimize stress and promote better heart health.

One extremely effective way to combat stress is exercise. Engaging in some form of moderate exercise for at least 30 minutes at a time several days per week can improve your cardiovascular health. Regular exercise can contribute to lower blood pressure, as well as healthier cholesterol levels. It can also help you better manage stress.

Another way to reduce stress is by implementing relaxation techniques. For example, finding a calm and quiet place where you can meditate or read can help you relax and unwind so stressful situations do not become so overwhelming. Talking about the stressors in your life with a trusted family member, friend, or even a counselor or therapist can also help with stress management.

Testing for Heart Disease

Individuals who are persistently under a lot of stress or have other risk factors for heart disease should consider undergoing testing. At our office in Tomball, TX, electrocardiograms (EKGs) and stress tests are two of the ways we can determine if you might already have heart disease or are at an increased risk for it. Individuals at risk can take precautions to reduce that risk and help them avoid developing certain cardiovascular problems down the road.

Stress can affect your heart health and put you at an increased risk for various cardiovascular problems. For help with managing stress, schedule an appointment with Dr. Muttiana by calling Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX, at (281) 357-5700.

By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
October 07, 2020
Tags: Angina  

You have chest pain periodically. Your cardiologist, Dr. Daljit Muttiana, recognizes it as angina. He wants you to know about this serious cardiac condition and how you can manage your symptoms. At Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX, our dedicated team helps many people with angina lead fuller, healthier lives.

The details on angina

Angina, or ischemic chest pain, is a collection of heart symptoms related to coronary artery disease, or CVD. The American Heart Association (AHA) says that men over 45 and women over 55 may develop CVD and angina.

What does angina look and feel like? It is chest pain that radiates to the neck, shoulders, jaw, and back. People describe it as a heaviness or squeezing sensation. Physicians, such as Dr. Muttiana, know that the heart hurts when it does not receive adequate blood supply.

With CVD, coronary arteries that feed the heart muscle are blocked with fatty plaque. Some may be completely occluded. In any case, angina alerts the cardiologist at Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX, to further investigation.

Kinds of angina

The AHA outlines four basic kinds of angina. Dr. Muttiana will pinpoint your particular kind to prescribe the right course of treatment. Types of angina include:

  • Stable, with pain which is episodic but predictable in severity, location, and duration
  • Unstable, with pain which is sudden, severe, and long-lasting
  • Variant or Prinzmetal, which is spasmodic, severe and often occurring while resting in bed
  • Microvascular, extreme chest discomfort which is long-lasting and related to exertion and stress

Diagnosis and treatment

Dr. Muttiana will review your symptoms and medical history. He may order chest X-rays and blood work along with an EKG to investigate your heart rhythm. More advanced testing, such as cardiac catheterization or angiography, is likely, too.

To treat your symptoms, you may require a cardiac procedure to increase circulation to the heart. Rehab will strengthen the cardiac muscle after a heart attack, and medications manage pain and increase blood flow.

Finally, lifestyle changes comprise a large part of any cardiac treatment plan, including managing angina. Your changes may include:

  • A program of exercise
  • Medications
  • Weight loss
  • A heart-healthy diet high in fiber and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids
  • Managing diabetes, high cholesterol, and hypertension
  • Quitting all tobacco products

Find out more

At Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX, Dr. Daljit Muttiana and his staff help scores of patients with angina and its causes. Let him help you manage this serious condition for a healthier heart and longer life. Phone us at (281) 357-5700.

By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
September 23, 2020
Tags: Lifestyle   Healthy Heart  

At Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX, Dr. Daljit Muttiana and his team promote heart-healthy lifestyles. Prolonging lives and helping people feel and function at their best, cardiac wellness touches every aspect of daily activity, nutrition and diet.

Who wants a heart attack or stroke?

Silly question, isn't it? Yet, many adults in the United States engage in harmful habits that set the stage for catastrophic cardiovascular events and conditions such as pulmonary embolisms, blood clots, peripheral artery disease, stroke, heart attack, heart failure and more.

Yes, some people have congenital defects beyond their control. However, other diseases are avoidable or largely manageable with some thought, effort and heart-wise habits. For instance, the American Heart Association (AHA) says that exercising daily and avoiding excessive TV and computer screen time reduces the risk of a heart attack significantly.

Leading a heart-healthy lifestyle

Here are some important recommendations for a heart-healthy lifestyle:

  1. Exercise at least 30 minutes every day as advised by the AHA. Pick an activity you like and will stick with. Simple walking or swimming does wonders for heart health.
  2. Modify your diet to limit animal fats, carbs, sodium and processed sugar. Increase your intake of water to at least eight glasses per day, and enjoy fish often. The omega-3 fatty acids in fish, shrimp and other seafood benefit the ratio of good to bad cholesterol in your bloodstream.
  3. Monitor your cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose levels. Increases in any one or more of these measures ups your risk for cardiovascular disease, including atherosclerosis, damaging plaque which narrows blood vessels and decreases circulation to the brain, heart and other vital organs.
  4. Watch your weight and body mass index (BMI). Losing even 10 pounds improves blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels.
  5. Limit alcohol--one drink a day for women or two for men.
  6. Stop all tobacco. Ask your primary care physician or Dr. Muttiana about a smoking cessation program. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) says quitting the habit reduces your risk of heart attack by 200 to 400 percent.
  7. Reduce your stress, worry and anxiety levels with exercise (and its production of endorphins in the brain), meditation, prayer and other calming activities that feed your spirit, advises the AHA.
  8. Take your prescribed medications every day in the proper dosage and at the right time.

Let's work together

At Cardiovascular Institute, Dr. Muttiana and his staff help patients along the path to better cardiovascular wellness. For more tips on a heart-healthy lifestyle, call our Tomball, TX office at (281) 357-5700.

By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
August 19, 2020
Tags: Pacemaker  

Is your physician contemplating pacemaker insertion to regulate your heart rate? At Cardiovascular Institute, cardiologist, Dr. Daljit Muttiana, provides this life-changing device for qualified patients in the Tomball, TX, area.

Just what is a pacemaker?

A pacemaker is an implantable electronic device which monitors heart rate, function and vital signs such as blood pressure and respiratory rate. Millions of people in the United States experience improved cardiac function and peace of mind as they live with this small wonder which resides under the skin in the chest--typically near the collarbone.

Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX, features an on-premises pacemaker clinic. It aids Dr. Muttiana's patients in interpreting pacemaker information and in modifying treatments accordingly.

How does it work?

Heart rhythm is regulated by a small bit of natural electrical tissue called the sinoatrial mode located at the top of the heart. As it sends an impulse through the heart, upper and lower chambers pump blood through the body. In a normal heart, the chambers are fully coordinated and respond to increasing and decreasing bodily activity.

For the abnormal heart, a pacemaker must take over or assist in several cardiac functions. The device itself has two electrical leads, or sensors, which touch the heart. A generator and battery provide the electrical impulses.

The National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute outlines several functions which implantable pacemakers, and their on-board computers, accomplish:

  • Monitor heart rate and other vital signs
  • Speed up or slow down the heart
  • Regulate irregular heartbeats
  • Coordinate the contraction of the upper and lower heart chambers
  • Transmit heart information to Dr. Muttiana
  • Receive computer program changes from Dr. Muttiana
  • Prevent cardiac arrest

Why would you need a pacemaker?

People with significant heart damage due to heart attack, congenital malformation or heart failure often benefit from the insertion of a pacemaker. Demand pacemakers speed up slowed or irregular heartbeats. Rate responsive pacemakers react to how active you are--speeding up or slowing down your heart as needed. Your pacemaker may be equipped with a cardioverter defibrillator to stimulate the heart to beat in the event of a cardiac arrest.

Contact our office

Cardiologist, Dr. Daljit Muttiana, helps people in the Tomball, TX, area live well with less than perfect cardiac structure and function. Do you and your primary care physician wish to explore what a cardiac pacemaker could do for you? Then, call Cardiovascular Institute for a helpful consultation:(281) 357-5700.

By Cardiovascular Institute, P.A.
June 23, 2020
Tags: EKG   ECG  

An electrocardiogram, likewise known as an ECG or EKG is a test that’s capable of recording your heart’s electrical activity via small electrode patches that are placed on the skin of the chest, legs, and arms. With this painless, safe, and fast test, your cardiologist Dr. Daljit Muttiana of Cardiovascular Institute can:

  • Check the rhythm of your heart
  • Diagnose heart attacks
  • Check if you have ischemia or poor blood flow to the heart
  • Detect if you have significant electrolyte irregularities like low or high calcium or high potassium
  • See if there are any abnormalities in your heart, like a thickened heart muscle

What to Expect During a Standard EKG Test

A technician or nurse will attach electrodes on strategic places on your chest, legs, and arms. You might need to shave off your chest hair, if you’re male, to ensure a clearer connection. You’ll need to lie flat during the EKG test while a computer generates an image of all the electrical impulses moving through your heart. Basically, this is known as resting EKG and can be also used for checking the heart while exercising.

The test typically takes approximately 10 minutes, including the electrode installation, but the recording actually takes several seconds. Your cardiologist will keep the results of your EKG on file here in our Tomball, TX, office for future comparisons.

Different Kinds of EKG Tests

Aside from the standard EKG test described above, your cardiologist might likewise recommend other types of EKG tests such as:

  • Signal-Averaged EKG: This is used for checking to see if you have a high risk of developing heart arrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, which could result in cardiac arrest.
  • Event Monitor: This portable EKG device may be recommended by your cardiologist if your symptoms come and go sporadically. With the push of a button, the device will be able to record and store all the results amounting to several minutes. Depending on your cardiologist’s instructions, you might have to wear the device for weeks or several months.
  • Holter Monitor: This is also a portable EKG device capable of checking the heart’s electrical impulses for a day or two, all throughout the day. Your cardiologist may recommend this test if he thinks you have palpitations, an irregular heart rhythm, or have inadequate blood flow to the heart. Once installed, you’ll be able to go about your daily tasks but you can’t shower. Your cardiologist will tell you to record the things you did that day and symptoms, if any, you noticed.

For More Information About EKG Tests, Give Us a Call

Dial (281) 357-5700 to schedule an evaluation with our cardiologist Dr. Daljit Muttiana at Cardiovascular Institute in Tomball, TX.